u̯inĝ- and u̯eiĝ- (u̯iĝ-?) (*su̯eiĝhu-)

    u̯inĝ- and u̯eiĝ- (u̯iĝ-?) (*su̯eiĝhu-)
    English meaning: elm
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “Ulme”
    Material: With nasalization die Bal.-Slav. group Serb. vêz (gen. vèza), Russ. vjazъ, Pol. wiąz “Ulmus campestris” (Proto-Slav.. *vęzъ); Lith. vìnkšna, Ltv. vîksna ds. (also O.Pruss. wimino “elm”, lies wincsno) from *u̯inĝ-snü (Suff. as in Lith. glúosna “ willow “); entnasaliert O.E. wīc, wīce, Eng. witch, nd. wīke “elm”; likewise u̯inĝ- as u̯iĝ- kann vorliegen in Alb. vith, gen. vidh “elm” and in kurd. viz “a kind of elm”; das relationship the nasal. zur unnasal. form is still to klären. clearly the Alb. form is the oldest one. Also Alb. shows that Root u̯inĝ- and u̯eiĝ- (u̯iĝ-?) : (elm-tree) derived from Root u̯idhu- : (tree).
    References: WP. I 314, Specht IE Decl. 59 f., Trautmann 360, Vasmer 1, 244, Petersson Heteroklisie 56 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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